A beautiful smile is one of the main components of an attractive appearance and non-verbal communication language. In order to win over people with an attractive smile, you need to have beautiful and healthy teeth. As such, they can be maintained by the presence of a balance of nutrients in the body. What vitamins and minerals for teeth and gums need to be consumed and where to get them, we will consider in detail in this article.
Vitamins are organic compounds that are involved in the life of the body. They are indispensable for maintaining health and proper functioning of life-supporting processes in general. Vitamins come from the environment, or are synthesized in the body on its own.
Lack of vitamins
Lack of vitamins in the body leads to dysfunction of various organs and processes. This greatly affects the quality of life and appearance of a person. As for the state of the oral cavity, one of the signs of a lack of vitamins is the condition of the teeth, in which they begin to decay and fall out, the other is inflammation of the gums. In addition, dryness and burning sensation in the mouth, a change in taste perception, roughness of the teeth, an increase in the sensitivity of the enamel may appear. The lack of vitamins is especially strongly felt in case of tooth loss, of course, such a process is already accompanied by the presence of additional diseases.
Malnutrition with useful substances can be the cause of dental diseases. For example, a lack of components such as: vitamin D, calcium, fluorine, phosphorus, magnesium. At the initial stage, dark spots, grooves, and depressions appear on the teeth. The enamel becomes very thin, and then the tooth begins to crumble. To stop this process, you need to know what vitamins to drink if your teeth are crumbling.
Minerals and vitamins to strengthen teeth
To prevent, rather than carry out, dental treatment and diseases of the oral cavity in general, you need to feed your body with the optimal amount of vitamins and minerals. This requires a balanced diet, if necessary, the use of special vitamin complexes and supplements, careful oral hygiene and a visit to the dental office for prophylactic purposes.
Let’s start by finding out which vitamins are lacking in teeth for a healthy smile:
- Vitamin D. It contributes to the normal absorption of calcium and phosphorus. Not a single vitamin and mineral complex can do without it. You can get vitamin D from meat, fish oil, eggs, olive and butter oils, as well as from exposure to the sun.
- Vitamin E. It is an antioxidant. It is needed for tissue repair and protection from the effects of free radicals. Vitamin E is found in greens, nuts, fish, sunflower seeds, avocados, and dairy products.
- Vitamin A. It is an essential vitamin that strengthens teeth and prevents gum disease. It can be found in orange and green fruits, especially carrots, cabbage, spinach, eggs, and fish.
- Vitamins B2, B3, B12. These are useful vitamins for tooth enamel. They also prevent inflammation of the soft tissues of the mouth. There are enough B vitamins in fish, dairy products, spinach, almonds, meat.
- Vitamin C. Essential for maintaining gum health. Such a serious ailment as scurvy occurs precisely because of a lack of vitamin C. In addition, it prevents the occurrence of dental plaque. The source of vitamin C is: strawberries, broccoli, rose hips, black currants and, of course, citrus fruits.
Except for vitamins, you need to consume minerals to strengthen your teeth. They are equally important for maintaining the health of your teeth and your smile in general. Let’s consider the main ones:
- Phosphorus. It is an essential component for maintaining dense enamel. The body takes it from fish, meat, nuts, dried fruits, buckwheat.
- Calcium. Along with phosphorus, it is the main constituent of the tooth and is necessary for the bone tissue of the teeth. If the body lacks calcium, then it begins to “wash out” from the bones. Therefore, it is very important to maintain its level at a high level. Calcium is found in seafood, leafy greens, seeds, legumes, and nuts.
- Potassium. It is essential for bone formation, including the bones of the jaw and blood clotting. Potassium is absorbed from bananas, legumes, dairy products, and greens. Magnesium. This mineral protects and strengthens tooth enamel. Magnesium is found in leafy vegetables, dried apricots, wheat germ, and apples.
- Zinc. With its help, the level of bacteria in the oral cavity is controlled. With an increased concentration of bacteria, carious and inflammatory processes can begin. High zinc content in red meat, mushrooms, pumpkin seeds and all types of legumes.
- Iodine. It promotes the absorption of calcium, which means it is necessary for the growth of teeth and keeping them in good condition. The main source of iodine is seaweed, seafood, especially shellfish, and garlic.
Remineralization of enamel
As for the procedure for remineralization of teeth, it is carried out both in the dentist’s office and at home. In the first case, the doctor removes soft plaque and tartar, dries the surface of the tooth, and then restores the enamel with preparations containing calcium and fluoride.
To saturate the teeth with minerals at home, special toothpastes and gels are used, which can be bought at the pharmacy. Depending on the age (children or adults), the appropriate fluoride content in the paste is selected. After the remineralization procedure, the enamel is saturated with minerals and becomes more resistant to the manifestation of the carious process.
Take care of your teeth!