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How To Choose an Irrigator?

How To Choose an Irrigator?

  • August 14, 2021

Irrigators, as an additional device for maintaining oral hygiene, are more and more confidently included in the daily life of many families. If you have never held this device in your hands, then the criteria that must be followed when buying, you need to know in advance. Only in this case the irrigator will become an irreplaceable and profitable purchase. Let’s figure out how to choose an irrigator.

What is an irrigator

An irrigator is a device for washing, massaging and additional cleaning of teeth, gums and tongue.

The principle of its operation is based on the use of a thin water jet in hygiene procedures, which is supplied under pressure to a special nozzle. The directed flow of liquid ensures the removal of plaque, cleaning of hard-to-reach places, dentures, braces, and stimulation of the gums. Therapeutic and prophylactic irrigation of the oral cavity with a special dental solution from a special container, which can be equipped with the device, kills bacteria and strengthens the teeth.

It is necessary to make a reservation right away: an irrigator does not replace a regular toothbrush or a trip to the dentist, but it effectively complements the mandatory care. Thanks to this device, you can easily remove dirt where a brush or dental floss cannot reach. This is facilitated by special nozzles and the strength of the water flow.


All irrigators are divided into:

  1. Portable;
  2. Flow-through;
  3. Stationary.

Depending on the type of device, its design may differ slightly. It is important to understand this in order not to be disappointed afterwards.

The portable irrigator has a small capacity, which is barely enough for one cleaning. He has a fairly low weight. The disadvantage of such a device is low power, and therefore limited functionality – most often, these are several modes. The force of the jet is small, which is not always a bad thing, especially if you have sensitive gums. Power is supplied by the battery. Such a device is easy to take with you on a business trip or vacation.

The portable irrigator


The flow-through device is the simplest in design. It consists of a handle with a working attachment and a hose that connects directly to the water tap using a special device. Due to the lack of a built-in pump, the flow-through irrigator is of little functionality. It can only deliver a mono-jet of one power. But a flow-through irrigator has its own undoubted advantages. First of all, this is the lack of electricity consumption. The second plus is an unlimited amount of water, which can be used as much as required. True, there is also a drawback – the impossibility of using boiled and distilled water, therefore, a disinfecting antibacterial capsule is usually attached to the flow tube. Due to the connection method, not every customer wants to have such a device in their bathroom, so it is worth evaluating the pros and cons of a flow-through irrigator.

The flow-through irrigator


The stationary irrigator is the most popular. The device is equipped with a compressor, a water tank and a hose with nozzles, most often it is connected to the mains. Most models have the ability to adjust the power of the jet, and the functional features of a stationary device are much wider.

The stationary irrigator



Based on the purposes for which you want to purchase an oral irrigator, a suitable model is selected. In addition to the type of device, you need to pay attention to several more of its characteristics.

Fluid supply technology

Monojet – a thin continuous stream of water without pulsations, which is supplied in a continuous stream. Today, only flow-through irrigators have this method of supplying liquid. In modern stationary devices, this technology has been replaced by more efficient options.

The pulsating jet is delivered with minimal breaks that are almost invisible to the user. Micro-shocks reach 2000 micro-pulses per minute in the most advanced models, and on average they are 1200-1400 micro-pulses. They help to deal with plaque much more successfully, clean the space between the teeth, get rid of bacterial plaque on the gums and tongue.

Microbubble technology is considered to be the most effective. The irrigator mixes the smallest air bubbles with the stream of water, and thus better rid the oral cavity of bacteria. The bactericidal effect of oxygenated water kills pathogenic microflora by eliminating bad breath. Such a device is also successfully used for nasal lavage. Dentists recommend using this type of irrigator without fail if you have dentures or braces. Food becomes clogged in micro-gaps that inevitably form between the teeth and the dental structure, resulting in not only an unpleasant odor, but also caries over time. An ordinary brush, as a rule, cannot fully cope with this problem.

Water pressure range

Before buying, you should familiarize yourself with the ability of the irrigator to regulate the power of the jet supply. This is the pressure of the liquid that is created by the device on the working nozzle. The wider the power control range, the more possibilities the device has. The upper power threshold in different models can reach from 650 to 827 kPa. These values ​​are necessary for deep cleaning. The lower pressure threshold is less than 70-80 kPa. The lowest values ​​should be set for cleaning sensitive teeth and treating the child’s oral cavity. Models with medium power ranges from 200 to 500 are considered standard. This power of water pressure is needed for daily gentle cleaning.

Switching to the required power is carried out using a water pressure regulator, which can have up to 10 modes. Flow-through irrigators and low-power portable devices generally have a uniform pressure force. A multi-mode irrigator is necessary for large families where there are people with bleeding gums, children with various diseases of the oral cavity, and elderly family members. Beginners should start at a gentle level, gradually increasing the power of the jet. Among the most common modes are: spray, turbo flow, floss, micromassage.

Tank capacity

How much liquid you can use at one time without interruption depends on the size of the container of the device. Standard models have a 600 ml tank, but there are also large irrigators with a water capacity of up to 1000 ml. The reservoir in portable models sometimes does not exceed 15 ml, but usually fluctuates between 130-200 ml.


The functionality of the irrigator can be judged by the number of nozzles. There are dental stations with toothbrush heads – from 1 to 3 pcs., as well as irrigation devices from 1 to 9 pcs. The most common models of devices have from 2 to 5 attachments in a set. A number of basic irrigation accessories can be listed.

First of all, you need a standard nozzle, which is necessarily present in every model. It is a curved tube with a small hole at the end (nozzle). Thanks to it, you can brush 1-2 teeth at the same time.

Standard nozzle


Designed specifically for dental or orthodontic cleaning, the nozzle has an elongated nozzle and a narrow tip to create a fine spray. It is with such an element that it will be easy to process every detail. Those who wear braces should make sure that such an attachment is included in the kit.

The periodontal attachment is a must for people with oral problems. It will not only cleanse your teeth and gums, but also improve your overall condition.

The periodontal nozzle


The massage nozzle has a round shape and is needed to stimulate blood circulation. It helps to relieve pain in diseases and accelerate tissue regeneration.

Massage nozzle


A tongue cleaner, a periodontal pocket flush, a sinus irrigation nozzle may not be needed every day, but it certainly shouldn’t hurt to have some in stock.

Dentists recommend that you distribute one standard brush head to each family member. To do this, use devices marked with special markers. It looks different. For example, the bristles are dyed in different colors or colored rings are put on the neck of the nozzle. Some modern models are equipped with special external holders, that is, a place for storing attachments, then they do not need to be kept in a separate container or placed in one glass with toothbrushes.

Power supply

All irrigators can be divided according to the way they are fed. Some are powered by a 220 V network, while others are powered by batteries. The flow-through devices have no power supply. Outwardly, network and battery devices differ in that the former are more capacious, but also more cumbersome. Battery powered devices can be taken with you when traveling, and are lighter and generally quieter. But they need constant recharging.

The battery life of such devices averages 25 minutes. The minimum charging time for some models is up to 10 minutes. Sometimes you can find on stationary irrigators powered by the network, the value of the battery life. It means that after a certain period of time the device will turn off, as it needs rest.

Choice options

For those who often go on a business trip or travel, it is better to buy a portable device with a small weight.

For a large family, it is preferable to choose an irrigator with a capacious water tank and the maximum number of modes.

Families with small children need a stationary device with a water pressure regulator.


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