Tooth extraction is a surgical operation. Following the rules will avoid complications: prevent inflammation of the hole, bleeding, etc. All recommendations after removal depend on the belonging of the tooth, the course of the operation, as well as other aggravating factors that predispose to the development of complications. Do’s and don’ts after tooth extraction?
After tooth extraction
After the operation, the dentist gives a number of recommendations that are important to follow strictly. The first question that patients face is what to do with a gauze pad after surgery. After tooth extraction, patients are in the clinic for some time and only after the doctor is convinced that everything is normal, the bleeding has stopped and there are no prerequisites for complications, the patient can go home.
After that, the dentist independently removes the gauze pad, which creates pressure on the hole. But, if this did not happen, and for some reason the patient went home with a tampon, it must be carefully removed after 7-10 minutes, without sudden movements! But only if there is no bleeding.
It is important to remember that during the first day, saliva may have a pink color, streaks of blood will be noticeable in it. This is a normal reaction and should not be confused with bleeding.
Dentists advise having breakfast before surgery, although not in all cases. For example, patients suffering from an increased gag reflex and when removing the chewing group of teeth, on the contrary, it is recommended to refuse to eat. Vomiting provoked during the operation is the cause of complications.
Otherwise, you can eat in 2 hours, but you need to chew on the opposite side. In the first days after removal, it is recommended to refuse too hot, spicy, sweet and tough foods: nuts, crackers and other foods that can injure a fresh blood clot and contribute to the addition of infection. However, after tooth extraction, you can drink water, but not soda and other sugary drinks.
Chill and talk more
After tooth extraction, especially when it comes to complex or atypical extraction of any teeth, and even more so wisdom teeth, you need to apply cold, which will help reduce the severity of edema.
It is necessary to apply cold to the cheek in the projection of the extracted tooth within several hours after the operation according to the following scheme: 5 minutes of cold and 10 minutes of a break. This procedure will be effective only in the first few hours after removal, and in the future, in order to reduce edema, it is useless. However, it can help reduce the severity of pain. It is strictly forbidden to apply heat, otherwise the likelihood of purulent complications is high.
Taking antihistamines will help reduce the severity of edema, but first you need to consult a doctor.
After removing wisdom teeth, dentists recommend eating ice cream and talking as much as possible, despite the discomfort and even pain. Cold reduces the severity of pain, swelling, and when talking, due to tissue tension, it promotes rapid healing and prevention of complications.
Can I smoke and drink alcohol?
Dentists do not recommend smoking for at least 3 hours after surgery, and ideally, you need to give up cigarettes for several days.
The fact is that the nicotine contained in cigarette smoke provokes vasospasm, and this negatively affects the condition of the socket of the extracted tooth and its healing.
Drinking alcohol is not recommended for at least 24 hours after surgery. Taking some medications introduces additional restrictions. Large doses of alcohol are a possible cause of complications: loss of a blood clot and the development of bleeding.
Tooth extraction: what can not be done?
Some rash actions can cause serious consequences and complications. Therefore, a whole list of actions has been formed that are strictly prohibited:
- you cannot take a hot bath, go to the sauna, bathhouse during the week,
- exceptionally warm shower;
- it is strictly forbidden to touch the socket of the extracted tooth with your tongue or other objects, this can injure the clot and cause bleeding, inflammation;
- if sutures were imposed, then it is forbidden to open your mouth wide;
- if aspirin is taken according to indications, you need to warn your doctor about it;
- intensive rinsing of the mouth is prohibited in the first few days. Such actions contribute to damage to the blood clot and leads to inflammation of the socket of the extracted tooth.
Special recommendations after tooth extraction
Pain relievers are not always required. But if the removal was difficult or atypical, then the pain can appear and persist for several days. Studies show that pain relief can be reduced by 30-50% with sutures.
The same action allows you to almost completely eliminate the likelihood of complications in the form of bleeding, dry socket syndrome or alveolitis. Therefore, the modern concept of surgical dental care implies suturing, even if the removal was not difficult.
Depending on the reason for the removal and the condition of the oral cavity, the dentist may recommend antiseptic baths rather than rinsing. Patients are advised to take an antiseptic into the oral cavity, and then spit it out.
The indications for their appointment will be:
- tooth extraction against the background of serious inflammatory diseases;
- a fistulous passage has formed, from which pus is released;
- there are many carious teeth, abundant plaque and calculus.
You can and should brush your teeth on the same day after the operation. But there are also some restrictions and recommendations here.
First, it is strictly forbidden to use electric toothbrushes, which can damage the clot. Secondly, it is better to use soft toothbrushes, and gently bypass the hole of the extracted tooth. It is also not recommended to use dental floss at the extraction site, even if sutures have been applied.
To avoid complications, you must strictly follow all the recommendations of the dentist and visit him for preventive examinations, to assess the patient’s condition and to heal the hole of the extracted tooth.