Technology such as veneers has been around for decades. But many patients still have question: do veneers harm teeth? After all, the enamel has to be ground before the procedure, and the plates are installed once for many years. Will it turn out that caries will develop under the veneers over the years? We destroy these myths.
How are veneers installed?
First of all, let’s dispel the first fear: teeth are sharpened literally to the ground. Anyone would be sorry to damage them so much for the sake of aesthetics.
But this fear is a delusion, and it appeared due to the widespread use of prosthetics with the help of crowns (despite the fact that now metal-ceramic have replaced ceramic ones). To install them, you really have to grind healthy teeth quite hard.
To install veneers, teeth are also grinded, but only the enamel is affected and only on the front surface in the smile zone (it makes no sense to install veneers on sixes and eights). The enamel thickness is reduced by 0.1–0.3 mm. This does not affect the functionality of the teeth.
Veneers are installed on the prepared surface with special glue. It forms an airtight connection, so we can dispel the second myth: caries forms under the veneers over time.
Tooth decay is caused by acid attack on the teeth. It occurs during the breakdown of carbohydrates that remain in plaque after eating. But veneers are installed on a prepared, thoroughly cleaned and dried, sterile surface. Due to the tightness of the joint, food pieces cannot get under the plates. That part of the tooth, where the enamel is ground, remains, as it were, “preserved”. In other areas, caries may appear, but it can be prevented if you follow the rules of care.
For the same reason, veneers do not increase the sensitivity of the teeth. The plates reliably cover the part of the enamel that has been processed, and do not allow hot and cold food to affect the nerve endings.
How do you achieve such a strong connection between veneers and teeth? There are two ways:
- Individual production of plates. During preparation, the doctor will select not only the desired color, but also the shape, size, thickness. Moreover, each plate may have its own parameters – this will help correct minor irregularities in the position of the teeth. In this way, the veneers will be ideal for the patient. Finished plates (sometimes also called lumineers) are incomparable in quality, you cannot achieve the same result with them.
- Preparation of the tooth surface for installation. It is not only ground, but also cleaned and dried. Dental adhesive is similar in properties to filling material. And if they can last 15–20 years, being in constant contact with food, then the glue that is under the plate will last even longer.
The same can be said about the strength of the teeth – they do not become more fragile. After installation, of course, the doctor will advise you not to gnaw on hard objects, such as nut shells. But this rule should be followed by everyone, regardless of whether there are veneers, crowns, implants or not, since even natural healthy teeth have a tensile strength and in order to save enamel it should not be tested.
Another important argument in favor of veneers
The fact that the installation of veneers makes the smile perfect is obvious – now we are talking only about the ratio of possible risks and benefits.
- Veneers require careful attention to the teeth.
Before the installation itself, you need to treat all the foci of caries, even the most insignificant and invisible. And then – observe hygiene more thoroughly than before: cleaning with an irrigator is recommended, professional hygiene every six months. This contributes to the preservation of dental health rather than the development of diseases.
- Veneers make you take care of your teeth.
Although caring for them does not differ in any way from caring for natural teeth, nevertheless, after such an aesthetic procedure, the motivation to maintain the result increases.
All over the world, veneers (in their modern sense) have been installed for almost 40 years. During this time, sufficient experience has been accumulated: dentists have come to the unanimous opinion that such aesthetic dental restoration is recommended to everyone, if there are no contraindications. Of course, if the procedure was harmful and in the future caused the need for prosthetics, this relationship would have already been discovered. It would be unprofitable to install veneers, because treatment and implantation are expensive. Nevertheless, the service is offered by many clinics, often the warranty for work is 10 years or more. The main thing is that the veneers are installed with high quality, then there will be no harm or dysfunction of the teeth.